Current estimated global stockpile of Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) was approximately
1400 tons. The global stockpile of separated plutonium was approximately 500 tons, of this
approximately 260 tons were in civilian custody.
|Country||HEU / tons||Non-civilian Pu / tons||Civilian Pu / tons|
Production of military fissile materials is continuing in India (which is producing plutonium
and HEU for naval propulsion), Pakistan (which produces plutonium and HEU for weapons),
and Israel, which is estimated to produce plutonium. North Korea is also able to produce
weapons-grade plutonium and HEU.
Russia, France, India, Japan and the UK have civilian reprocessing facilities which separate
plutonium from spent nuclear reactor fuel. China has a pilot reprocessing facility.