Russian nuclear forces have strategic and tactical nuclear weapons. Like the
Americans, the Russian strategic forces have delivery by means of ballistic missiles,
air-delivered cruise missiles, and submarine launched ballistic missiles.

Land based strategic rocket forces

These include:

  • Silo based ICBMs, for example the MIRV R-36M, which can carry ten MT-
    class warheads per missile
  • Road-mobile Topol-M, a singular MT-class warhead, which likely has MIRV
    capability, which is to be developed

Sea-based Strategic Fleet

The fleet includes ballistic missile nuclear submarines:

  • Delta Class:
    • Delta III
      • each submarine has 16 MIRV R-29R SLBMs
      • each missile carries 3-7 warheads
    • Delta IV
      • each submarine has 16 MIRV R-29RMU SLBMs
      • each missile carries 34-10 kT warheads
      • nuclear capable RPK-2 Viyuga SLCM
      • each submarine has a 200 kT warhead
  • New Borei class of ballistic missile nuclear submarines
    • this submarine carries the Bulava SLBM
    • each submarine has 6-10 150 kT warheads

Strategic Aviation

Air launched nuclear cruise missiles, which can be delivered by:

  • Tupolev Tu-22M
    • it is armed with the Raduga Kh-22 long range nuclear anti-ship missile
    • MT-class warhead
  • Tupolev Tu-95
    • Raduga Kh-20 (3 MT nuclear warhead)
    • Kh-22 (MT-class nuclear warhead)
    • Kh-55 (200kT nuclear warhead) air-to-surface missiles
  • Tupolev Tu-160
    • it is armed with Kh-55SM air-launched cruise missiles
      • each missile is armed with a 200 kT warhead
    • Kh-102 nuclear air-launched cruise missiles